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Reactive Distillation and Air Stripping Processes for Water Recycling and Trace Contaminant ControlReactive distillation designs are considered to reduce the presence of volatile organic compounds in the purified water. Reactive distillation integrates a reactor with a distillation column. A review of the literature in this field has revealed a variety of functional reactive columns in industry. Wastewater may be purified by a combination of a reactor and a distiller (e.g., the EWRS or VPCAR concepts) or, in principle, through a design which integrates the reactor with the distiller. A review of the literature in reactive distillation has identified some different designs in such combinations of reactor and distiller. An evaluation of reactive distillation and reactive air stripping is presented with regards to the reduction of volatile organic compounds in the contaminated water and air. Among the methods presented, an architecture is presented for the evaluation of the simultaneous oxidation of organics in air and water. These and other designs are presented in light of potential improvements in power consumptions and air and water purities for architectures which include catalytic activity integrated into the water processor. In particular, catalytic oxidation of organics may be useful as a tool to remove contaminants that more traditional distillation and/or air stripping columns may not remove. A review of the current leading edge at the commercial level and at the research frontier in catalytically active materials is presented. Themes and directions from the engineering developments in catalyst design are presented conceptually in light of developments in the nanoscale chemistry of a variety of catalyst materials.
Document ID
20090040109
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Boul, Peter J. (NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Lange, Kevin E.
Conger, Bruce
Anderson, Molly
Date Acquired
August 24, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2009
Subject Category
Man/System Technology and Life Support
Report/Patent Number
JSC-CN-19238
Meeting Information
40th International Conference on Environmental Systems(Barcelona)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other