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Cosmic Infrared Background Fluctuations in Deep Spitzer Infrared Array Camera Images: Data Processing and AnalysisThis paper provides a detailed description of the data reduction and analysis procedures that have been employed in our previous studies of spatial fluctuation of the cosmic infrared background (CIB) using deep Spitzer Infrared Array Camera observations. The self-calibration we apply removes a strong instrumental signal from the fluctuations that would otherwise corrupt the results. The procedures and results for masking bright sources and modeling faint sources down to levels set by the instrumental noise are presented. Various tests are performed to demonstrate that the resulting power spectra of these fields are not dominated by instrumental or procedural effects. These tests indicate that the large-scale ([greater, similar]30') fluctuations that remain in the deepest fields are not directly related to the galaxies that are bright enough to be individually detected. We provide the parameterization of these power spectra in terms of separate instrument noise, shot noise, and power-law components. We discuss the relationship between fluctuations measured at different wavelengths and depths, and the relations between constraints on the mean intensity of the CIB and its fluctuation spectrum. Consistent with growing evidence that the [approx]1-5 [mu]m mean intensity of the CIB may not be as far above the integrated emission of resolved galaxies as has been reported in some analyses of DIRBE and IRTS observations, our measurements of spatial fluctuations of the CIB intensity indicate the mean emission from the objects producing the fluctuations is quite low ([greater, similar]1 nW m-2 sr-1 at 3-5 [mu]m), and thus consistent with current [gamma]-ray absorption constraints. The source of the fluctuations may be high-z Population III objects, or a more local component of very low luminosity objects with clustering properties that differ from the resolved galaxies. Finally, we discuss the prospects of the upcoming space-based surveys to directly measure the epochs inhabited by the populations producing these source-subtracted CIB fluctuations, and to isolate the individual fluxes of these populations.
Document ID
20100030077
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Arendt, Richard (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Kashlinsky, A.
Moseley, S.
Mather, J.
Date Acquired
August 25, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2010
Publication Information
Publication: The Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume: 186
Issue: 1
ISSN: 0067-0049
Subject Category
Astrophysics
Report/Patent Number
GSFC.JA.4880.2011
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other