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The NASA CloudSat/GPM Light Precipitation Validation Experiment (LPVEx)Ground-based measurements of cool-season precipitation at mid and high latitudes (e.g., above 45 deg N/S) suggest that a significant fraction of the total precipitation volume falls in the form of light rain, i.e., at rates less than or equal to a few mm/h. These cool-season light rainfall events often originate in situations of a low-altitude (e.g., lower than 2 km) melting level and pose a significant challenge to the fidelity of all satellite-based precipitation measurements, especially those relying on the use of multifrequency passive microwave (PMW) radiometers. As a result, significant disagreements exist between satellite estimates of rainfall accumulation poleward of 45 deg. Ongoing efforts to develop, improve, and ultimately evaluate physically-based algorithms designed to detect and accurately quantify high latitude rainfall, however, suffer from a general lack of detailed, observationally-based ground validation datasets. These datasets serve as a physically consistent framework from which to test and refine algorithm assumptions, and as a means to build the library of algorithm retrieval databases in higher latitude cold-season light precipitation regimes. These databases are especially relevant to NASA's CloudSat and Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) ground validation programs that are collecting high-latitude precipitation measurements in meteorological systems associated with frequent coolseason light precipitation events. In an effort to improve the inventory of cool-season high-latitude light precipitation databases and advance the physical process assumptions made in satellite-based precipitation retrieval algorithm development, the CloudSat and GPM mission ground validation programs collaborated with the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), the University of Helsinki (UH), and Environment Canada (EC) to conduct the Light Precipitation Validation Experiment (LPVEx). The LPVEx field campaign was designed to make detailed measurements of cool-season light precipitation by leveraging existing infrastructure in the Helsinki Precipitation Testbed. LPVEx was conducted during the months of September--October, 2010 and featured coordinated ground and airborne remote sensing components designed to observe and quantify the precipitation physics associated with light rain in low-altitude melting layer environments over the Gulf of Finland and neighboring land mass surrounding Helsinki, Finland.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Marshall Space Flight Center
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Petersen, Walter A.
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
L'Ecuyer, Tristan
(Colorado State Univ. CO, United States)
Moisseev, Dmitri
(Helsinki Univ. Finland)
Date Acquired
August 25, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 2011
Subject Category
Earth Resources And Remote Sensing
Report/Patent Number
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.
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