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Strategic Ozone Sounding Networks: Review of Design and AccomplishmentsOzone soundings are used to integrate models, satellite, aircraft and ground-based measurements for better interpretation of ozone variability, including atmospheric losses (predominantly in the stratosphere) and pollution (troposphere). A well-designed network of ozonesonde stations gives information with high vertical and horizontal resolution on a number of dynamical and chemical processes, allowing us to answer questions not possible with aircraft campaigns or current satellite technology. Strategic ozonesonde networks are discussed for high, mid- and low latitude studies. The Match sounding network was designed specifically to follow ozone depletion within the polar vortex; the standard sites are at middle to high northern hemisphere latitudes and typically operate from December through mid-March. Three mid-latitude strategic networks (the IONS series) operated over North America in July-August 2004, March-May and August 2006, and April and June-July-2008. These were designed to address questions about tropospheric ozone budgets and sources, including stratosphere-troposphere transport, and to validate satellite instruments and models. A global network focusing on processes in the equatorial zone, SHADOZ (Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes), has operated since 1998 in partnership with NOAA, NASA and the Meteorological Services of host countries. Examples of important findings from these networks are described,
Document ID
20120010342
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Thompson, Anne M. (Pennsylvania State Univ. University Park, PA, United States)
Oltmans, Samuel J. (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, CO, United States)
Tarasick, David W. (Environment Canada Ontario, Canada)
von der Gathen, Peter (Alfred-Wegener Inst. for Polar and Marine Research Potsdam, Germany)
Smit, Herman G. J. (Forschungszentrum Juelich G.m.b.H. Juelich, Germany)
Witte, Jacquelyn C. (Science Systems and Applications, Inc. Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
August 26, 2013
Publication Date
April 1, 2011
Publication Information
Publication: Atmospheric Environment
Volume: 45
Issue: 13
Subject Category
Instrumentation and Photography
Report/Patent Number
GSFC.JA.00313.2012
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other