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Pickup Protons: Comparisons using the Three-Dimensional MHD HHMS-PI model and Ulysses SWICS MeasurementsWe report the first comparisons of pickup proton simulation results with in situ measurements of pickup protons obtained by the SWICS instrument on Ulysses. Simulations were run using the three dimensional (3D) time-dependent Hybrid Heliospheric Modeling System with Pickup Protons (HHMS-PI). HHMS-PI is an MHD solar wind model, expanded to include the basic physics of pickup protons from neutral hydrogen that drifts into the heliosphere from the local interstellar medium. We use the same model and input data developed by Detman et al. (2011) to now investigate the pickup protons. The simulated interval of 82 days in 2003 2004, includes both quiet solar wind (SW) and also the October November 2003 solar events (the Halloween 2003 solar storms). The HHMS-PI pickup proton simulations generally agree with the SWICS measurements and the HHMS-PI simulated solar wind generally agrees with SWOOPS (also on Ulysses) measurements. Many specific features in the observations are well represented by the model. We simulated twenty specific solar events associated with the Halloween 2003 storm. We give the specific values of the solar input parameters for the HHMS-PI simulations that provide the best combined agreement in the times of arrival of the solar-generated shocks at both ACE and Ulysses. We show graphical comparisons of simulated and observed parameters, and we give quantitative measures of the agreement of simulated with observed parameters. We suggest that some of the variations in the pickup proton density during the Halloween 2003 solar events may be attributed to depletion of the inflowing local interstellar medium (LISM) neutral hydrogen (H) caused by its increased conversion to pickup protons in the immediately preceding shock.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Intriligator, Devrie S.
(Carmel Research Center Santa Monica, CA, United States)
Detman, Thomas
(Carmel Research Center Santa Monica, CA, United States)
Gloecker, George
(Michigan Univ. Ann Arbor, MI, United States)
Gloeckler, Christine
(Michigan Univ. Ann Arbor, MI, United States)
Dryer, Murray
(Carmel Research Center Santa Monica, CA, United States)
Sun, Wei
(Carmel Research Center Santa Monica, CA, United States)
Intriligator, James
(Carmel Research Center Santa Monica, CA, United States)
Deehr, Charles
(Alaska Univ. Fairbanks, AK, United States)
Date Acquired
August 27, 2013
Publication Date
June 1, 2012
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research
Volume: 17
Subject Category
Funding Number(s)
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