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Compliance with High-Intensity Radiated Fields Regulations - Emitter's PerspectiveNASA's Deep Space Network (DSN) uses high-power transmitters on its large antennas to communicate with spacecraft of NASA and its partner agencies. The prime reflectors of the DSN antennas are parabolic, at 34m and 70m in diameter. The DSN transmitters radiate Continuous Wave (CW) signals at 20 kW - 500 kW at X-band and S-band frequencies. The combination of antenna reflector size and high frequency results in a very narrow beam with extensive oscillating near-field pattern. Another unique feature of the DSN antennas is that they (and the radiated beam) move mostly at very slow sidereal rate, essentially identical in magnitude and at the opposite direction of Earth rotation.The DSN is in the process of revamping its documentation to provide analysis of the High Intensity Radiation Fields (HIRF) environment resulting from radio frequency radiation from DSN antennas for comparison to FAA regulations regarding certification of HIRF protection as outlined in the FAA regulations on HIRF protection for aircraft electrical and electronic systems (Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) [section sign][section sign] 23.1308, 25.1317, 27.1317, and 29.1317).This paper presents work done at JPL, in consultation with the FAA. The work includes analysis of the radiated field structure created by the unique DSN emitters (combination of transmitters and antennas) and comparing it to the fields defined in the environments in the FAA regulations. The paper identifies areas that required special attention, including the implications of the very narrow beam of the DSN emitters and the sidereal rate motion. The paper derives the maximum emitter power allowed without mitigation and the mitigation zones, where required.Finally, the paper presents summary of the results of the analyses of the DSN emitters and the resulting DSN process documentation.
Document ID
Document Type
External Source(s)
Statman, Joseph
(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Jamnejad, Vahraz
(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Nguyen, Lee
(Federal Aviation Administration Washington, DC, United States)
Date Acquired
August 27, 2013
Publication Date
October 30, 2012
Subject Category
Communications And Radar
Meeting Information
Meeting: Aerospace Electronics and Avionics Systems (AEAS) Conference
Location: Phoenix, AZ
Country: United States
Start Date: October 30, 2012
End Date: November 1, 2012
Distribution Limits
DSN emitters
Deep Space Network (DSN)
radiated field structure

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