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A-Train Observations of Deep Convective Storm TopsThe paper highlights simultaneous observations of tops of deep convective clouds from several space-borne instruments including the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) of the Aqua satellite, Cloud Profiling Radar (CPR) of the CloudSat satellite, and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) flown on the CALIPSO satellite. These satellites share very close orbits, thus together with several other satellites they are referred to as the "A-Train" constellation. Though the primary responsibility of these satellites and their instrumentation is much broader than observations of fine-scale processes atop convective storms, in this study we document how data from the A-Train can contribute to a better understanding and interpretation of various storm-top features, such as overshooting tops, cold-U/V and cold ring features with their coupled embedded warm areas, above anvil ice plumes and jumping cirrus. The relationships between MODIS multi-spectral brightness temperature difference (BTD) fields and cloud top signatures observed by the CPR and CALIOP are also examined in detail to highlight the variability in BTD signals across convective storm events.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Setvak, Martin (Hydrometeorological Inst. Czechoslovakia)
Bedka, Kristopher (Science Systems and Applications, Inc. Hampton, VA, United States)
Lindsey, Daniel T. (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Highlands, NJ, United States)
Sokol, Alois (Comenius Univ. Bratislava, Czechoslovakia)
Charvat, Zdenek (Hydrometeorological Inst. Czechoslovakia)
Stastka, Jindrich (Karlova Univ. Prague, Czechoslovakia)
Wang, Pao K. (Wisconsin-Madison Univ. Madison, WI, United States)
Date Acquired
March 28, 2014
Publication Date
April 1, 2013
Publication Information
Publication: Atmospheric Research
Volume: 123
Subject Category
Meteorology and Climatology
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
OTHER: 205/07/0905
OTHER: 1-020CY4
CONTRACT_GRANT: 2626-08-021
WBS: WBS 281945.
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