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Modeling Longitudinal Data Containing Non-Normal Within Subject ErrorsThe mission of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) human research program is to advance safe human spaceflight. This involves conducting experiments, collecting data, and analyzing data. The data are longitudinal and result from a relatively few number of subjects; typically 10 – 20. A longitudinal study refers to an investigation where participant outcomes and possibly treatments are collected at multiple follow-up times. Standard statistical designs such as mean regression with random effects and mixed–effects regression are inadequate for such data because the population is typically not approximately normally distributed. Hence, more advanced data analysis methods are necessary. This research focuses on four such methods for longitudinal data analysis: the recently proposed linear quantile mixed models (lqmm) by Geraci and Bottai (2013), quantile regression, multilevel mixed–effects linear regression, and robust regression. This research also provides computational algorithms for longitudinal data that scientists can directly use for human spaceflight and other longitudinal data applications, then presents statistical evidence that verifies which method is best for specific situations. This advances the study of longitudinal data in a broad range of applications including applications in the sciences, technology, engineering and mathematics fields.
Document ID
Document Type
Preprint (Draft being sent to journal)
Feiveson, Alan (NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Glenn, Nancy L. (Texas Southern Univ. Houston, TX, United States)
Date Acquired
April 28, 2014
Publication Date
August 26, 2013
Subject Category
Statistics and Probability
Report/Patent Number
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.

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