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The Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment Mission and its Potential Contributions to Human Exploration of AsteroidsThe joint ESA and NASA Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission will directly address aspects of NASA's Asteroid Initiative and will contribute to future human exploration. The NASA Asteroid Initiative is comprised of two major components: the Grand Challenge and the Asteroid Mission. The first component, the Grand Challenge, focuses on protecting Earth's population from asteroid impacts by detecting potentially hazardous objects with enough warning time to either prevent them from impacting the planet, or to implement civil defense procedures. The Asteroid Mission, involves sending astronauts to study and sample a near-Earth asteroid (NEA) prior to conducting exploration missions of the Martian system, which includes Phobos and Deimos. AIDA's primary objective is to demonstrate a kinetic impact deflection and characterize the binary NEA Didymos. The science and technical data obtained from AIDA will aid in the planning of future human exploration missions to NEAs and other small bodies. The dual robotic missions of AIDA, ESA's Asteroid Impact Monitor (AIM) and NASA's Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART), will provide a great deal of technical and engineering data on spacecraft operations for future human space exploration while conducting in-depth scientific examinations of the binary target Didymos both prior to and after the kinetic impact demonstration. The knowledge gained from this mission will help identify asteroidal physical properties in order to maximize operational efficiency and reduce mission risk for future small body missions. The AIDA data will help fill crucial strategic knowledge gaps concerning asteroid physical characteristics that are relevant for human exploration considerations at similar small body destinations.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Abell, Paul A. (NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX, United States)
Rivkin, Andy S. (Johns Hopkins Univ. Laurel, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
October 15, 2014
Publication Date
October 15, 2014
Subject Category
Space Sciences (General)
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
Asteroid Impact Detection Assessment (AIDA) International Workshop 2014(Laurel, MD)
Distribution Limits
Public Use Permitted.

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