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Fabrication of Turbine Disk Materials by Additive ManufacturingPrecipitation-strengthened, nickel-based superalloys are widely used in the aerospace and energy industries due to their excellent environmental resistance and outstanding mechanical properties under extreme conditions. Powder-bed additive manufacturing (AM) technologies offer the potential to revolutionize the processing of superalloy turbine components by eliminating the need for extensive inventory or expensive legacy tooling. Like selective laser melting (SLM), electron beam melting (EBM) constructs three-dimensional dense components layer-by-layer by melting and solidification of atomized, pre-alloyed powder feedstock within 50-200 micron layers. While SLM has been more widely used for AM of nickel alloys like 718, EBM offers several distinct advantages, such as less retained residual stress, lower risk of contamination, and faster build rates with multiple-electron-beam configurations. These advantages are particularly attractive for turbine disks, for which excessive residual stress and contamination can shorten disk life during high-temperature operation. In this presentation, we will discuss the feasibility of fabricating disk superalloy components using EBM AM. Originally developed using powder metallurgy forging processing, disk superalloys contain a higher refractory content and precipitate volume fraction than alloy 718, thus making them more prone to thermal cracking during AM. This and other challenges to produce homogeneous builds with desired properties will be presented. In particular, the quality of lab-scale samples fabricated via a design of experiments, in which the beam current, build temperature, and beam velocity were varied, will be summarized. The relationship between processing parameters, microstructure, grain orientation, and mechanical response will be discussed.
Document ID
Document Type
Sudbrack, Chantal
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH United States)
Bean, Quincy A.
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL United States)
Cooper, Ken
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL United States)
Carter, Robert
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH United States)
Semiatin, S. Lee
(Department of the Air Force Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, United States)
Gabb, Tim
(NASA Glenn Research Center Cleveland, OH United States)
Date Acquired
February 25, 2015
Publication Date
September 3, 2014
Subject Category
Metals And Metallic Materials
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
JANNAF Technical Interchange Meeting (TIM) Additive Manufacturing for Propulsion Applications(Huntsville, AL)
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 295670.01.04.32
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
gas turbine engines
heat resistant alloys
additive manufacturing
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