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A 6U CubeSat Constellation for Atmospheric Temperature and Humidity SoundingWe are currently developing a 118/183 GHz sensor that will enable observations of temperature and precipitation profiles over land and ocean. The 118/183 GHz system is well suited for a CubeSat deployment as ~10cm antenna aperture provides sufficiently small footprint sizes (is approx. 25km). This project will enable low cost, compact radiometer instrumentation at 118 and 183 GHz that would fit in a 6U CubeSat with the objective of mass-producing this design to enable a suite of small satellites to image the key geophysical parameters that are needed to improve prediction of extreme weather events. We will take advantage of past and current technology developments at JPL viz. HAMSR (High Altitude Microwave Scanning Radiometer), Advanced Component Technology (ACT'08) to enable low-mass and low-power high frequency airborne radiometers. The 35 nm InP enabling technology provides significant reduction in power consumption (Low Noise Amplifier + Mixer Block consumes 24 mW). In this paper, we will describe the design and implementation of the 118 GHz temperature sounder and 183 GHz humidity sounder instrument on the 6U CubeSat. In addition, a summary of radiometer calibration and retrieval techniques of the temperature and humidity will be discussed. The successful demonstration of this instrument on the 6U CubeSat would pave the way for the development of a constellation consisting of suite of these instruments. The proposed constellation of these 6U CubeSat radiometers would allow sampling of tropospheric temperature and humidity with fine temporal (on the order of minutes) and spatial resolution (is approx. 25 km).
Document ID
20150007411
Document Type
Conference Paper
External Source(s)
Authors
Padmanabhan, Sharmila (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Brown, Shannon (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Kangaslahti, Pekka (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Cofield, Richard (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Russell, Damon (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Stachnik, Robert (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Steinkraus, Joel (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Lim, Boon (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
May 6, 2015
Publication Date
August 10, 2013
Subject Category
Meteorology and Climatology
Earth Resources and Remote Sensing
Meeting Information
Annual AIAA/USU Conference on Small Satellites(Logan, UT)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
radiometer
CubeSat
temperature
humidity
constellations