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Record 3 of 79
In-Situ Resource Utilization for Space Exploration: Resource Processing, Mission-Enabling Technologies, and Lessons for Sustainability on Earth and Beyond
NTRS Full-Text: Click to View  [PDF Size: 2.2 MB]
Author and Affiliation:
Hepp, A. F.(NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH United States)
Palaszewski, B. A.(NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH United States)
Landis, G. A.(NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH United States)
Jaworske, D. A.(NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH United States)
Colozza, A. J.(Vantage Partners, LLC, Brook Park, OH, United States)
Kulis, M. J.(NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, United States)
Heller, R. S.(Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM, United States)
Abstract: As humanity begins to reach out into the solar system, it has become apparent that supporting a human or robotic presence in transit andor on station requires significant expendable resources including consumables (to support people), fuel, and convenient reliable power. Transporting all necessary expendables is inefficient, inconvenient, costly, and, in the final analysis, a complicating factor for mission planners and a significant source of potential failure modes. Over the past twenty-five years, beginning with the Space Exploration Initiative, researchers at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC), academic collaborators, and industrial partners have analyzed, researched, and developed successful solutions for the challenges posed by surviving and even thriving in the resource limited environment(s) presented by near-Earth space and non-terrestrial surface operations. In this retrospective paper, we highlight the efforts of the co-authors in resource simulation and utilization, materials processing and consumable(s) production, power systems and analysis, fuel storage and handling, propulsion systems, and mission operations. As we move forward in our quest to explore space using a resource-optimized approach, it is worthwhile to consider lessons learned relative to efficient utilization of the (comparatively) abundant natural resources and improving the sustainability (and environment) for life on Earth. We reconsider Lunar (and briefly Martian) resource utilization for potential colonization, and discuss next steps moving away from Earth.
Publication Date: Dec 01, 2015
Document ID:
20150023468
(Acquired Jan 04, 2016)
Subject Category: MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT; ENERGY PRODUCTION AND CONVERSION
Report/Patent Number: NASA/TM-2015-218867, E-19133, AIAA Paper 2014-3761, GRC-E-DAA-TN25053
Document Type: Technical Report
Meeting Information: AIAA Propulsion and Energy Forum 2014; 28-30 Jul. 2014; Cleveland, OH; United States
Meeting Sponsor: American Inst. of Aeronautics and Astronautics; Reston, VA, United States
Contract/Grant/Task Num: NNC12BA01B; WBS 392259.02.03.1188.15
Financial Sponsor: NASA Glenn Research Center; Cleveland, OH United States
Organization Source: NASA Glenn Research Center; Cleveland, OH United States
Description: 28p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright; Distribution as joint owner in the copyright
NASA Terms: CONSUMABLES (SPACECRAFT); EARTH RESOURCES; MATERIALS HANDLING; FAILURE MODES; PROPULSION SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS; SPACE EXPLORATION; SYSTEMS ANALYSIS; LIFE SCIENCES; SIMULATION; LESSONS LEARNED; ROBOTICS; MARS (PLANET)
Other Descriptors: CARBON DIOXIDE; CARBON MONOXIDE; CATALYSIS; SABATIER REACTION; GASIFICATION; SPECIFIC IMPULSE; NUCLEAR PROPULSION; IN SITU RESOURCE UTILIZATION
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