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Record 1 of 45773
High-Precision Measurement of Eu/Eu* in Geological Glasses via LA-ICP-MS Analysis
External Online Source: doi:10.1039/c4ja00155a
Author and Affiliation:
Tang, Ming(Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, United States)
McDonough, William F.(Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, United States)
Arevalo, Ricardo, Jr.(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD United States)
Abstract: Elemental fractionation during laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) analysis has been historically documented between refractory and volatile elements. In this work, however, we observed fractionation between light rare earth elements (LREEs) and heavy rare earth elements (HREEs) when using ablation strategies involving large spot sizes (greater than 100 millimeters) and line scanning mode. In addition: (1) ion yields decrease when using spot sizes above 100 millimeters; (2) (Eu/Eu*)(sub raw) (i.e. Europium anomaly) positively correlates with carrier gas (He) flow rate, which provides control over the particle size distribution of the aerosol reaching the ICP; (3) (Eu/Eu*)(sub raw) shows a positive correlation with spot size, and (4) the changes in REE signal intensity, induced by the He flow rate change, roughly correlate with REE condensation temperatures. The REE fractionation is likely driven by the slight but significant difference in their condensation temperatures. Large particles may not be completely dissociated in the ICP and result in preferential evaporation of the less refractory LREEs and thus non-stoichiometric particle-ion conversion. This mechanism may also be responsible for Sm-Eu-Gd fractionation as Eu is less refractory than Sm and Gd. The extent of fractionation depends upon the particle size distribution of the aerosol, which in turn is influenced by the laser parameters and matrix. Ablation pits and lines defined by low aspect ratios produce a higher proportion of large particles than high aspect ratio ablation, as confirmed by measurements of particle size distribution in the laser induced aerosol. Therefore, low aspect ratio ablation introduces particles that cannot be decomposed and/or atomized by the ICP and thus results in exacerbated elemental fractionation. Accurate quantification of REE concentrations and Eu/Eu* requires reduction of large particle production during laser ablation. For the reference materials analyzed in this work, the 100 millimeters spot measurements of Eu/Eu* agreed with GeoRem preferred values within 3 percent. Our long-term analyses of Eu/Eu* in MPI-DING glass KL-2G and USGS glass BIR-1G were reproducible at 3 percent (2 RSD).
Publication Date: Jul 01, 2014
Document ID:
20160005751
(Acquired May 06, 2016)
Subject Category: CHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS (GENERAL); METALS AND METALLIC MATERIALS; INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
Report/Patent Number: GSFC-E-DAA-TN21399
Document Type: Journal Article
Publication Information: Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry (e-ISSN 1364-5544); Volume 29 ; Issue 10 ; 1835-1843
Publisher Information: The Royal Society of Chemistry
Contract/Grant/Task Num: NSF-EAR-0739006
Financial Sponsor: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; Greenbelt, MD United States
Organization Source: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; Greenbelt, MD United States
Description: 9p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright
NASA Terms: EUROPIUM; ANOMALIES; FRACTIONATION; INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA MASS SPECTROMETRY; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; LASER ABLATION; PARTICLE PRODUCTION; PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION; BASALT; GLASS; RARE EARTH ELEMENTS; STOICHIOMETRY; REFRACTORY MATERIALS; SPECTRUM ANALYSIS; MATRICES (MATHEMATICS); CALIBRATING; MASS SPECTROSCOPY; GEOCHEMISTRY
Other Descriptors: LA-ICP-MS ANALYSIS; GEOLOGICAL GLASSES; MEASUREMENT - MASS SPECTROMETRY
Availability Source: Other Sources
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