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Mineralogy and Astrobiology Detection Using Laser Remote Sensing InstrumentA multispectral instrument based on Raman, laser-induced fluorescence (LIF), laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), and a lidar system provides high-fidelity scientific investigations, scientific input, and science operation constraints in the context of planetary field campaigns with the Jupiter Europa Robotic Lander and Mars Sample Return mission opportunities. This instrument conducts scientific investigations analogous to investigations anticipated for missions to Mars and Jupiter's icy moons. This combined multispectral instrument is capable of performing Raman and fluorescence spectroscopy out to a >100 m target distance from the rover system and provides single-wavelength atmospheric profiling over long ranges (>20 km). In this article, we will reveal integrated remote Raman, LIF, and lidar technologies for use in robotic and lander-based planetary remote sensing applications. Discussions are focused on recently developed Raman, LIF, and lidar systems in addition to emphasizing surface water ice, surface and subsurface minerals, organics, biogenic, biomarker identification, atmospheric aerosols and clouds distributions, i.e., near-field atmospheric thin layers detection for next robotic-lander based instruments to measure all the above-mentioned parameters. OCIS codes: (120.0280) Remote sensing and sensors; (130.0250) Optoelectronics; (280.3640) Lidar; (300.2530) Fluorescence, laser-induced; (300.6450) Spectroscopy, Raman; (300.6365) Spectroscopy, laser induced breakdown
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Abedin, M. Nurul (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Bradley, Arthur T. (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Sharma, Shiv K. (Hawaii Univ. Honolulu, HI, United States)
Misra, Anupam K. (Hawaii Univ. Honolulu, HI, United States)
Lucey, Paul G. (Hawaii Univ. Honolulu, HI, United States)
Mckay, Chistopher P. (NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Ismail, Syed (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Sandford, Stephen P. (NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Date Acquired
May 6, 2016
Publication Date
September 1, 2015
Publication Information
Publication: Applied Optics
Volume: 54
Issue: 25
Subject Category
Electronics and Electrical Engineering
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
WBS: WBS 627795.
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