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Lunar Phase Function at 1064 Nm from Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter Passive and Active RadiometryWe present initial calibration and results of passive radiometry collected by the Lunar Orbiter Laser Al- timeter onboard the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter over the course of 12 months. After correcting for time- and temperature-dependent dark noise and detector responsivity variations, the LOLA passive radiometry measurements are brought onto the absolute radiance scale of the SELENE Spectral Profiler. The resulting photometric precision is estimated to be approximately 5%. We leverage the unique ability of LOLA to measure normal albedo to explore the 1064 nm phase function's dependence on various geologic parameters. On a global scale, we find that iron abundance and optical maturity (quantified by FeO and OMAT) are the dominant controlling parameters. Titanium abundance (TiO2 ), surface roughness on decimeter to decameter scales, and soil thermophysical properties have a smaller effect, but the latter two are correlated with OMAT, indicating that exposure age is the driving force behind their effects in a globally-averaged sense. The phase function also exhibits a dependence on surface slope at approximately 300 m baselines, possibly the result of mass wasting exposing immature material and/or less space weathering due to reduced sky visibility. Modeling the photometric function in the Hapke framework, we find that, relative to the highlands, the maria exhibit decreased backscattering, a smaller opposition effect (OE) width, and a smaller OE amplitude. Immature highlands regolith has a higher backscattering fraction and a larger OE width compared to mature highlands regolith. Within the maria, the backscattering fraction and OE width show little dependence on TiO2 and OMAT. Variations in the phase function shape at large phase angles are observed in and around the Copernican-aged Jackson crater, including its dark halo, a putative impact melt deposit. Finally, the phase function of the Reiner Gamma Formation behaves more optically immature than is typical for its composition and OMAT, suggesting the visible-to-near-infrared spectrum and phase function respond differently to the unusual regolith evolution and properties at this location.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Barker, M. K. (Sigma Space Corp. Lanham, MD, United States)
Sun, X. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Mazarico, E. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Neumann, G. A. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Zuber, M. T. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA, United States)
Smith, D. E. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA, United States)
Date Acquired
July 19, 2016
Publication Date
February 19, 2016
Publication Information
Publication: Icarus
Volume: 273
ISSN: 0019-1035
Subject Category
Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
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