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New Satellite Project Aerosol-UA: Remote Sensing of Aerosols in the Terrestrial AtmosphereWe discuss the development of the Ukrainian space project Aerosol-UA which has the following three main objectives: (1) to monitor the spatial distribution of key characteristics of terrestrial tropospheric and stratospheric aerosols; (2) to provide a comprehensive observational database enabling accurate quantitative estimates of the aerosol contribution to the energy budget of the climate system; and (3) quantify the contribution of anthropogenic aerosols to climate and ecological processes. The remote sensing concept of the project is based on precise orbital measurements of the intensity and polarization of sunlight scattered by the atmosphere and the surface with a scanning polarimeter accompanied by a wide-angle multispectral imager-polarimeter. Preparations have already been made for the development of the instrument suite for the Aerosol-UA project, in particular, of the multi-channel scanning polarimeter (ScanPol) designed for remote sensing studies of the global distribution of aerosol and cloud properties (such as particle size, morphology, and composition) in the terrestrial atmosphere by polarimetric and spectrophotometric measurements of the scattered sunlight in a wide range of wavelengths and viewing directions from which a scene location is observed. ScanPol is accompanied by multispectral wide-angle imager-polarimeter (MSIP) that serves to collect information on cloud conditions and Earths surface image. Various components of the polarimeter ScanPol have been prototyped, including the opto-mechanical and electronic assemblies and the scanning mirror controller. Preliminary synthetic data simulations for the retrieval of aerosol parameters over land surfaces have been performed using the Generalized Retrieval of Aerosol and Surface Properties (GRASP) algorithm. Methods for the validation of satellite data using ground-based observations of aerosol properties are also discussed. We assume that designing, building, and launching into orbit a multi-functional high-precision scanning polarimeter and an imager-polarimeter should make a significant contribution to the study of natural and anthropogenic aerosols and their climatic and ecological effects.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Milinevsky, G.
(National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine)
Yatskiv, Ya.
(National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine)
Degtyaryov, O.
(National Space Agency of Ukraine Ukraine)
Syniavskyi, I.
(National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine)
Mishchenko, Michael I.
(NASA Goddard Inst. for Space Studies New York, NY United States)
Rosenbush, V.
(National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine)
Ivanov, Yu.
(National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine)
Makarov, A.
(National Space Agency of Ukraine Ukraine)
Bovchaliuk, A.
(National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine)
Danylevsky, V.
(National Taras Shevchenko Univ. of Kiev Kiev, Ukraine)
Sosonkin, M.
(National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine)
Moskalov, S.
(National Space Agency of Ukraine Ukraine)
Bovchaliuk, V
(Lille-1 Univ. Villeneuve-d'Asoq, France)
Lukenyuk, A.
(National Space Agency of Ukraine Ukraine)
Shymkiv, A.
(National Space Agency of Ukraine Ukraine)
Date Acquired
August 1, 2016
Publication Date
April 3, 2016
Publication Information
Publication: Acta Astronautica
Volume: 123
Subject Category
Earth Resources And Remote Sensing
Report/Patent Number
Distribution Limits
remote sensing

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