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Health and Climate Impacts of Ocean-Going Vessels in East AsiaEast Asia has the most rapidly growing shipping emissions of both CO2 and traditional air pollutants, but the least in-depth analysis. Full evaluation of all pollutants is needed to assess the impacts of shipping emissions. Here, using an advanced method based on detailed dynamic ship activity data, we show that shipping emissions in East Asia accounted for 16% of global shipping CO2 in 2013, compared to only 4-7% in 2002-2005. Increased emissions lead to large adverse health impacts, with 14,500-37,500 premature deaths per year. Global mean radiative forcing from East Asian shipping is initially negative, but would become positive after approximately eight years for constant current emissions. As a large fraction of vessels are registered elsewhere, joint efforts are necessary to reduce emissions and mitigate the climate and health impacts of shipping in the region.
Document ID
20160010087
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Authors
Liu, Huan
(Tsinghua Univ. Bejing, China)
Fu, Mingliang
(Tsinghua Univ. Bejing, China)
Jin, Xinxin
(Tsinghua Univ. Bejing, China)
Shang, Yi
(Tsinghua Univ. Bejing, China)
Shindell, Drew
(Duke Univ. Durham, NC, United States)
Faluvegi, Greg
(Columbia Univ. New York, NY, United States)
Shindell, Cary
(North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics Durhan, NC, United States)
He, Kebin
(Tsinghua Univ. Bejing, China)
Date Acquired
August 5, 2016
Publication Date
July 18, 2016
Publication Information
Publication: Nature Climate Change
Subject Category
Meteorology And Climatology
Environment Pollution
Report/Patent Number
GSFC-E-DAA-TN34304
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: NNX14AB99A
CONTRACT_GRANT: NNSFC 91544110
CONTRACT_GRANT: NNSFC 41571447
CONTRACT_GRANT: NNSFC 51508304
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
climate change impacts
environmental impact
projection and prediction
climate and earth system modelling
pollution remediation
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