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Banded Structures in Electron Pitch Angle Diffusion Coefficients from Resonant Wave Particle InteractionsElectron pitch angle (D (alpha)) and momentum (D(pp)) diffusion coefficients have been calculated due to resonant interactions with electrostatic electron cyclotron harmonic (ECH) and whistler mode chorus waves. Calculations have been performed at two spatial locations L = 4.6 and 6.8 for electron energies 10 keV. Landau (n = 0) resonance and cyclotron harmonic resonances n = +/-1, +/-2,...+/-5 have been included in the calculations. It is found that diffusion coefficient versus pitch angle (alpha) profiles show large dips and oscillations or banded structures. The structures are more pronounced for ECH and lower band chorus (LBC) and particularly at location 4.6. Calculations of diffusion coefficients have also been performed for individual resonances. It is noticed that the main contribution of ECH waves in pitch angle diffusion coefficient is due to resonances n = +1 and n = +2. A major contribution to momentum diffusion coefficients appears from n = +2. However, the banded structures in D alpha and Dpp coefficients appear only in the profile of diffusion coefficients for n = +2. The contribution of other resonances to diffusion coefficients is found to be, in general, quite small or even negligible. For LBC and upper band chorus waves, the banded structures appear only in Landau resonance. The Dpp diffusion coefficient for ECH waves is one to two orders smaller than D alpha coefficients. For chorus waves, Dpp coefficients are about an order of magnitude smaller than D alpha coefficients for the case n does not = 0. In case of Landau resonance, the values of Dpp coefficient are generally larger than the values of D alpha coefficients particularly at lower energies. As an aid to the interpretation of results, we have also determined the resonant frequencies. For ECH waves, resonant frequencies have been estimated for wave normal angle 89 deg and harmonic resonances n = +1, +2, and +3, whereas for whistler mode waves, the frequencies have been calculated for angle 10 deg and Landau resonance. Further, in ECH waves, the banded structures appear for electron energies (is) greater than1 keV, and for whistler mode chorus waves, structures appear for energies greater than 2 keV at L = 4.6 and above 200 eV for L = 6.8. The results obtained in the present work will be helpful in the study of diffusion curves and will have important consequences for diffuse aurora and pancake distributions.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Tripathi, A. K.
(Indian Inst. of Tech. (BHU) Varanasi, Pradesh, India)
Singhal, R. P.
(Indian Inst. of Tech. (BHU) Varanasi, Pradesh, India)
Khazanov, G. V.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Avanov, L. A.
(Maryland Univ. Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
January 31, 2017
Publication Date
April 4, 2016
Publication Information
Publication: Physics of Plasmas
Volume: 23
Issue: 4
Subject Category
Plasma Physics
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
PROJECT: 673-006
Distribution Limits
banded structures
pitch angle

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