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Nitrous Oxides Ozone Destructiveness Under Different Climate ScenariosNitrous oxide (N2O) is an important greenhouse gas and ozone depleting substance as well as a key component of the nitrogen cascade. While emissions scenarios indicating the range of N2O's potential future contributions to radiative forcing are widely available, the impact of these emissions scenarios on future stratospheric ozone depletion is less clear. This is because N2O's ozone destructiveness is partially dependent on tropospheric warming, which affects ozone depletion rates in the stratosphere. Consequently, in order to understand the possible range of stratospheric ozone depletion that N2O could cause over the 21st century, it is important to decouple the greenhouse gas emissions scenarios and compare different emissions trajectories for individual substances (e.g. business-as-usual carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions versus low emissions of N2O). This study is the first to follow such an approach, running a series of experiments using the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Sciences ModelE2 atmospheric sub-model. We anticipate our results to show that stratospheric ozone depletion will be highest in a scenario where CO2 emissions reductions are prioritized over N2O reductions, as this would constrain ozone recovery while doing little to limit stratospheric NOx levels (the breakdown product of N2O that destroys stratospheric ozone). This could not only delay the recovery of the stratospheric ozone layer, but might also prevent a return to pre-1980 global average ozone concentrations, a key goal of the international ozone regime. Accordingly, we think this will highlight the importance of reducing emissions of all major greenhouse gas emissions, including N2O, and not just a singular policy focus on CO2.
Document ID
20170001308
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Kanter, David R. (Department of Environmental Studies, New York University, New York)
McDermid, Sonali P. (Science Collaborator)
Date Acquired
February 3, 2017
Publication Date
December 4, 2016
Publication Information
Publication: Proceedings of the 2016 International Nitrogen Initiative Conference, "Solutions to Improve Nitrogen Use Efficiency for the World"
Subject Category
Geophysics
Environment Pollution
Report/Patent Number
GSFC-E-DAA-TN38467
Meeting Information
International Nitrogen Initiative Conference (INI 2016)(Melbourne)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
stratospheric ozone depletion
emissions scenarios
climate change
Nitrous oxide
climate change