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The Outer Solar System Origins SurveyWe report the discovery, tracking, and detection circumstances for 85 trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) from the first 42 square degrees of the Outer Solar System Origins Survey. This ongoing r-band solar system survey uses the 0.9 square degree field of view MegaPrime camera on the 3.6 meter Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. Our orbital elements for these TNOs are precise to a fractional semimajor axis uncertainty of less than 0.1 percent. We achieve this precision in just two oppositions, as compared to the normal three to five oppositions, via a dense observing cadence and innovative astrometric technique. These discoveries are free of ephemeris bias, a first for large trans-Neptunian surveys. We also provide the necessary information to enable models of TNO orbital distributions to be tested against our TNO sample. We confirm the existence of a cold "kernel" of objects within the main cold classical Kuiper Belt and infer the existence of an extension of the "stirred" cold classical Kuiper Belt to at least several au beyond the 2:1 mean motion resonance with Neptune. We find that the population model of Petit et al. remains a plausible representation of the Kuiper Belt. The full survey, to be completed in 2017, will provide an exquisitely characterized sample of important resonant TNO populations, ideal for testing models of giant planet migration during the early history of the solar system.
Document ID
20170002497
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Bannister, Michele T. (Victoria Univ. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada)
Kavelaars, J. J. (Victoria Univ. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada)
Petit, Jean-Marc (Franche-Comte Univ. Besancon, France)
Gladman, Brett J. (British Columbia Univ. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada)
Gwyn, Stephen D. J. (Herzberg Inst. of Astrophysics Victoria, British Columbia, Canada)
Chen, Ying-Tung (Academia Sinica Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China)
Volk, Kathryn (Arizona Univ. Tucson, AZ, United States)
Alexandersen, Mike (British Columbia Univ. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada)
Benecchi, Susan D. (Planetary Science Inst. Tucson, AZ, United States)
Delsanti, Audrey (Aix-Marseille Univ. Marseille, France)
Fraser, Wesley C. (Queens Univ. Belfast, United Kingdom)
Granvik, Mikael (Helsinki Univ. Finland)
Grundy, Will M. (Lowell Observatory Flagstaff, AZ, United States)
Guilbert-Lepoutre, Aurelie (Franche-Comte Univ. Besancon, France)
Hestroffer, Daniel (Observatoire de Paris France)
Ip, Wing-Huen (National Central Univ. Jhongli, Taiwan)
Jakubik, Marian (Slovak Academy of Sciences Tatranska Lomnica, Slovakia)
Jones, R. Lynne (Washington Univ. Washington, DC, United States)
Kaib, Nathan (Oklahoma Univ. Norman, OK, United States)
Kavelaars, Catherine F. (Victoria Univ. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada)
Lacerda, Pedro (Queens Univ. Belfast, United Kingdom)
Lawler, Samantha (Herzberg Inst. of Astrophysics Victoria, British Columbia, Canada)
Lehner, Matthew (Academia Sinica Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China)
Lin, Hsing Wen (National Central Univ. Jhongli, Taiwan)
Lister, Tim (Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Inc. Goleta, CA, United States)
Lykawka, Patryk Sofia (Kinki Univ. Osaka, Japan)
Monty, Stephanie (Victoria Univ. Victoria, British Columbia, Canada)
Marsset, Michael (Aix-Marseille Univ. Marseille, France)
Murray-Clay, Ruth (California Univ. Santa Barbara, CA, United States)
Noll, Keith (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Date Acquired
March 23, 2017
Publication Date
September 1, 2016
Publication Information
Publication: The Astronomical Journal
Volume: 152
Issue: 3
ISSN: 0004-6256
Subject Category
Astrophysics
Astronomy
Report/Patent Number
GSFC-E-DAA-TN40406
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other