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A Global Capacity Building Vision for Societal Applications of Earth Observing Systems and Data: Key Questions and RecommendationsCapacity building using Earth observing (EO) systems and data (i.e., from orbital and nonorbital platforms) to enable societal applications includes the network of human, nonhuman, technical, nontechnical, hardware, and software dimensions that are necessary to successfully cross the valley [of death; see NRC (2001)] between science and research (port of departure) and societal application (port of arrival). In many parts of the world (especially where ground-based measurements are scarce or insufficient), applications of EO data still struggle for longevity or continuity for a variety of reasons, foremost among them being the lack of resilient capacity. An organization is said to have resilient capacity when it can retain and continue to build capacity in the face of unexpected shocks or stresses. Stresses can include intermittent power and limited Internet bandwidth, constant need for education on ever-increasing complexity of EO systems and data, communication challenges between the ports of departure and arrival (especially across time zones), and financial limitations and instability. Shocks may also include extreme events such as disasters and losing key staff with technical and institutional knowledge.
Document ID
20170003260
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Hossain, Faisal
(Washington Univ. Seattle, WA, United States)
Serrat-Capdevila, Aleix
(Arizona Univ. Tucson, AZ, United States)
Granger, Stephanie
(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Thomas, Amy
(Battelle Memorial Inst. Columbus, OH, United States)
Saah, David
(San Francisco Univ. CA, United States)
Ganz, David
(Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) Bangkok, Thailand)
Mugo, Robinson
(Regional Centre for Mapping Resources for Development Nairobi, Kenya)
Murthy, M. S. R.
(International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development Kathmandu, Nepal)
Ramos, Victor Hugo
(Consejo Nacional de Areas Protegias (CONAP) Guatemala City, Guatemala)
Kirschbaum, Dalia
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Searby, Nancy
(NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)
Friedl, Lawrence
(NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)
Irwin, Dan
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Limaye, Ashutosh
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Skiles, Jay
(NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
April 7, 2017
Publication Date
August 22, 2016
Publication Information
Publication: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Volume: 97
Issue: 7
ISSN: 0003-0007
Subject Category
Earth Resources And Remote Sensing
Report/Patent Number
GSFC-E-DAA-TN41153
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
shocks
ground-based
stresses
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