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QBO Modulation of the Mesopause Gravity Wave Momentum Flux over Tierra del FuegoThe interannual variability of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) gravity wave momentum flux over southern mid latitudes (53.7degS) has been studied using more than 7 years of meteor radar observations at Ro Grande, Argentina. A modulation, with periods similar to that of the equatorial stratospheric quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO), is observed in the vertical flux of zonal as well as meridional momentum. The QBO signal is largest in the zonal component during summer and is in phase with the stratospheric QBO at 50 hPa (approx. 21 km). The relation between the stratospheric QBO and the QBO modulation in the MLT gravity wave forcing (derived from the divergence of the momentum flux) was found to be consistent with that expected from the Holton-Tan effect coupled to the interhemispheric coupling mechanism. These results provide the first observational support for the existence of the midlatitude gravity wave forcing anomalies as hypothesized in the interhemispheric coupling mechanism.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
De Wit, R. J.
(Universities Space Research Association Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Janches, D.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Fritts, D. C.
(GATS, Inc, (Global Atmospheric Technologies and Sciences Boulder, CO, United States)
Hibbins, R. E.
(Birkeland Centre for Space Science Bergen, Norway)
Date Acquired
May 4, 2017
Publication Date
April 28, 2016
Publication Information
Publication: Geophysical Research Letters
Volume: 43
Issue: 8
ISSN: 0094-8276
Subject Category
Space Sciences (General)
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
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