NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
Using Ground Targets to Validate S-NPP VIIRS Day-Night Band CalibrationIn this study, the observations from S-NPP VIIRS Day-Night band (DNB) and Moderate resolution bands (M bands) of Libya 4 and Dome C over the first four years of the mission are used to assess the DNB low gain calibration stability. The Sensor Data Records produced by NASA Land Product Evaluation and Algorithm Testing Element (PEATE) are acquired from nearly nadir overpasses for Libya 4 desert and Dome C snow surfaces. A kernel-driven bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) correction model is used for both Libya 4 and Dome C sites to correct the surface BRDF influence. At both sites, the simulated top-of-atmosphere (TOA) DNB reflectances based on SCIAMACHY spectral data are compared with Land PEATE TOA reflectances based on modulated Relative Spectral Response (RSR). In the Libya 4 site, the results indicate a decrease of 1.03% in Land PEATE TOA reflectance and a decrease of 1.01% in SCIAMACHY derived TOA reflectance over the period from April 2012 to January 2016. In the Dome C site, the decreases are 0.29% and 0.14%, respectively. The consistency between SCIAMACHY and Land PEATE data trends is good. The small difference between SCIAMACHY and Land PEATE derived TOA reflectances could be caused by changes in the surface targets, atmosphere status, and on-orbit calibration. The reflectances and radiances of Land PEATE DNB are also compared with matching M bands and the integral M bands based on M4, M5, and M7. The fitting trends of the DNB to integral M bands ratios indicate a 0.75% decrease at the Libya 4 site and a 1.89% decrease at the Dome C site. Part of the difference is due to an insufficient number of sampled bands available within the DNB wavelength range. The above results indicate that the Land PEATE VIIRS DNB product is accurate and stable. The methods used in this study can be used on other satellite instruments to provide quantitative assessments for calibration stability.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Chen, Xuexia (Science Systems and Applications, Inc. Lanham, MD, United States)
Wu, Aisheng (Science Systems and Applications, Inc. Lanham, MD, United States)
Xiong, Xiaoxiong (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Lei, Ning (Science Systems and Applications, Inc. Lanham, MD, United States)
Wang, Zhipeng (Science Systems and Applications, Inc. Lanham, MD, United States)
Chiang, Kwofu (Science Systems and Applications, Inc. Lanham, MD, United States)
Date Acquired
June 14, 2017
Publication Date
November 30, 2016
Publication Information
Publication: Remote Sensing
Volume: 8
Issue: 12
Subject Category
Earth Resources and Remote Sensing
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits