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Characterization of Particulate Matter Profiling and Alveolar Deposition from Biomass Burning in Northern Thailand: The 7-SEAS StudyBiomass burning (BB) frequently occurs in SouthEast Asia (SEA), which significantly affects the air quality and could consequently lead to adverse health effects. The aim of this study was to characterize particulate matter (PM) and black carbon (BC) emitted from BB source regions in SEA and their potential of deposition in the alveolar region of human lungs. A 31-day characterization of PM profiling was conducted at the Doi Ang Khang (DAK) meteorology station in northern Thailand in March 2013. Substantial numbers of PM (10147 +/- 5800 # per cubic centimeter) with a geometric mean diameter (GMD) of 114.4 +/- 9.2 nm were found at the study site. The PM of less than 2.5 micron in aerodynamic diameter (PM sub 2.5) hourly-average mass concentration was 78.0 +/- 34.5 per cubic microgram whereas the black carbon (BC) mass concentration was 4.4 +/- 2.6 micrograms per cubic meter. Notably, high concentrations of nanoparticle surface area (100.5 +/- 54.6 square micrometers per cubic centimeter) emitted from biomass burning can be inhaled into the human alveolar region. Significant correlations with fire counts within different ranges around DAK were found for particle number, the surface area concentration of alveolar deposition, and BC. In conclusion, biomass burning is an important PM source in SEA, particularly nanoparticles, which has high potency to be inhaled into the lung environment and interact with alveolar cells, leading to adverse respiratory effects. The fire counts within 100 to 150 km shows the highest Pearson's r for particle number and surface area concentration. It suggests 12 to 24 hr could be a fair time scale for initial aging process of BB aerosols. Importantly, the people lives in this region could have higher risk for PM exposure.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Chuang, Hsiao-Chi
(Taipei Medical Univ. Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China)
Hsiao, Ta-Chih
(National Central Univ. Chung-Li, Taiwan, Province of China)
Wang, Sheng-Hsiang
(National Central Univ. Taoyuan, Taiwan, Province of China)
Tsay, Si-Chee
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Lin, Neng-Huei
(National Central Univ. Taoyuan, Taiwan, Province of China)
Date Acquired
July 6, 2017
Publication Date
November 1, 2016
Publication Information
Publication: Aerosol and Air Quality Research
Volume: 16
Issue: 11
ISSN: 1680-8584
Subject Category
Geosciences (General)
Report/Patent Number
Distribution Limits
biomass burning
air pollution
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