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Requirements and Design Reference Mission for the WFIRST-AFTA Coronagraph InstrumentThe WFIRST-AFTA coronagraph instrument take s advantage of AFTA s 2.4 -meter aperture to provide novel exoplanet imaging science at approximately the same instrument cost as an Explorer mission. The AFTA coronagraph also matures direct imaging technologies to high TRL for an Exo-Earth Imager in the next decade. The coronagraph Design Reference Mission (DRM) optical design is based on the highly successful High Contrast Imaging Testbed (HCIT), with modifications to accommodate the AFTA telescope design, service-ability, volume constraints, and the addition of an Integral Field Spectrograph (IFS). In order to optimally satisfy the three science objectives of planet imaging, planet spectral characterization and dust debris imaging, the coronagraph is designed to operate in two different modes : Hybrid Lyot Coronagraph or Shaped Pupil Coronagraph. Active mechanisms change pupil masks, focal plane masks, yot masks, and bandpass filters to shift between modes. A single optical beam train can thus operate alternatively as two different coronagraph architecture s. Structural Thermal Optical Performance (STOP) analysis predict s the instrument contrast with the Low Order Wave Front Control loop closed. The STOP analysis was also used to verify that the optical/structural/thermal design provides the extreme stability required for planet characterization in the presence of thermal disturbances expected in a typical observing scenario. This paper describes the instrument design and the flow down from science requirements to high level engineering requirements.
Document ID
20170007050
Document Type
Conference Paper
External Source(s)
Authors
Demers, Richard T. (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Dekens, Frank (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Calvet, Rob (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Chang, Zensheu (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Effinger, Robert (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Ek, Eric (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Hovland, Larry (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Jones, Laura (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Loc, Anthony (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Nemati, Bijan (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Noecker, Charley (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Neville, Timothy (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Pham, Hung (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Rud, Mike (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Tang, Hong (Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Villalvazo, Juan (Applied Sciences Lab., Inc. United States)
Date Acquired
August 1, 2017
Publication Date
August 9, 2015
Subject Category
Optics
Astrophysics
Meeting Information
SPIE Optics + Photonics(San Diego, CA)
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
contrast