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the modern near-surface martian climate: a review of in-situ meteorological data from viking to curiosityWe analyze the complete set of in-situ meteorological data obtained from the Viking landers in the 1970s to todays Curiosity rover to review our understanding of the modern near-surface climate of Mars, with focus on the dust, CO2 and H2O cycles and their impact on the radiative and thermodynamic conditions near the surface. In particular, we provide values of the highest confidence possible for atmospheric opacity, atmospheric pressure, near-surface air temperature, ground temperature, near-surface wind speed and direction, and near-surface air relative humidity and water vapor content. Then, we study the diurnal, seasonal and interannual variability of these quantities over a span of more than twenty Martian years. Finally, we propose measurements to improve our understanding of the Martian dust and H2O cycles, and discuss the potential for liquid water formation under Mars present day conditions and its implications for future Mars missions.
Document ID
20170007519
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
Authors
Martinez, G. M.
(Michigan Univ. Ann Arbor, MI, United States)
Newman, C. N.
(Aeolis Research, Inc. Pasadena, CA, United States)
De Vicente-Retortillo, A.
(Universidad Complutense Madrid, Spain)
Fischer, E.
(Michigan Univ. Ann Arbor, MI, United States)
Renno, N. O.
(Michigan Univ. Ann Arbor, MI, United States)
Richardson, M. I.
(Aeolis Research, Inc. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Fairén, A. G.
(Cornell Univ. Ithaca, NY, United States)
Genzer, M.
(Finnish Meteorological Inst. Helsinki, Finland)
Guzewich, S. D.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
Haberle, R. M.
(NASA Ames Research Center Moffett Field, CA United States)
Harri, A.-M.
(Finnish Meteorological Inst. Helsinki, Finland)
Kemppinen, O
(Kansas State Univ. Manhattan, KS, United States)
Lemmon, M. T.
(Texas A&M System Univ. College Station, TX, United States)
Smith, M. D.
(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD United States)
de la Torre-Juárez, M.
(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Vasavada, A. R.
(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 10, 2017
Publication Date
April 5, 2017
Publication Information
Publication: Space Science Reviews
ISSN: 0038-6308
Subject Category
Space Sciences (General)
Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
Report/Patent Number
GSFC-E-DAA-TN41536
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: JPL grant 1449038
CONTRACT_GRANT: NNX15AM53G
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other