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The Evolution of Exercise Hardware on ISS: Past, Present, and Future
NTRS Full-Text: Click to View  [PDF Size: 1.1 MB]
Author and Affiliation:
Buxton, R. E.(Houston Univ., Houston, TX, United States)
Kalogera, K. L.(KBRwyle Science, Technology and Engineering, Houston, TX, United States)
Hanson, A. M.(NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, United States)
Abstract: During 16 years in low-Earth orbit, the suite of exercise hardware aboard the International Space Station (ISS) has matured significantly. Today, the countermeasure system supports an array of physical-training protocols and serves as an extensive research platform. Future hardware designs are required to have smaller operational envelopes and must also mitigate known physiologic issues observed in long-duration spaceflight. Taking lessons learned from the long history of space exercise will be important to successful development and implementation of future, compact exercise hardware. The evolution of exercise hardware as deployed on the ISS has implications for future exercise hardware and operations. Key lessons learned from the early days of ISS have helped to: 1. Enhance hardware performance (increased speed and loads). 2. Mature software interfaces. 3. Compare inflight exercise workloads to pre-, in-, and post-flight musculoskeletal and aerobic conditions. 4. Improve exercise comfort. 5. Develop complimentary hardware for research and operations. Current ISS exercise hardware includes both custom and commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware. Benefits and challenges to this approach have prepared engineering teams to take a hybrid approach when designing and implementing future exercise hardware. Significant effort has gone into consideration of hardware instrumentation and wearable devices that provide important data to monitor crew health and performance.
Publication Date: Jan 23, 2017
Document ID:
20170011470
(Acquired Dec 11, 2017)
Subject Category: AEROSPACE MEDICINE; COMPUTER PROGRAMMING AND SOFTWARE
Report/Patent Number: JSC-CN-38556
Document Type: Oral/Visual Presentation
Meeting Information: Annual NASA Human Research Program Investigator's Workshop (HRP IWS) 2017; 23-26 Jan. 2017; Galveston, TX; United States
Meeting Sponsor: NASA; Washington, DC, United States
Financial Sponsor: NASA Johnson Space Center; Houston, TX, United States
Description: 1p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright; Public use permitted
NASA Terms: LOW EARTH ORBITS; PHYSICAL EXERCISE; COMMERCIAL OFF-THE-SHELF PRODUCTS; HEALTH; INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION; LONG DURATION SPACE FLIGHT; ERGOMETERS; TREADMILLS; COMPUTER PROGRAMS; TRAINING DEVICES; MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM; COMFORT; LESSONS LEARNED; PHYSIOLOGY; GAS ANALYSIS
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