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Physiological and Molecular Changes in Various Biological Organisms Cultured under Simulated Microgravity Conditions
NTRS Full-Text: Click to View  [PDF Size: 947 KB]
Author and Affiliation:
Udave, Ceasar(Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ, United States)
Abstract: Microgravity is one of the most import factors in space flight where its impact on living biological organisms is concerned. Many different ailments have been reported in astronauts such as spaceflight related osteopenia, cardiovascular concerns, and loss of eye sight. In order to understand why µg causes these issues we must understand what is happening at the most basic of biological structures, the cell. The work done in this report is a culmination of contributions made to a much larger project. The project seeks to understand how cellular physiology is changing in SMG conditions and use this knowledge to feed into a follow-up study on the genetic changes that are seen in SMG environments. Cells were imaged using confocal microscopy after 20hrs and 48hrs in a 3D clinostat called the Gravite. Lengths, widths, heights, and total cell areas were measured using an image analysis software package ImageJ. There were significant differences in lengths and widths of cell nuclei, and total area of cell coverage. The report then discusses some of the problems with the testing apparatus and how 3D printing technology may be used to create better sample holders for the 3D clinostat.
Publication Date: Nov 17, 2017
Document ID:
20170011675
(Acquired Dec 19, 2017)
Subject Category: LIFE SCIENCES (GENERAL)
Report/Patent Number: KSC-E-DAA-TN47831
Coverage: Final Report
Document Type: Technical Report
Contract/Grant/Task Num: NNX13AJ45A
Financial Sponsor: NASA Kennedy Space Center; Cocoa Beach, FL, United States
Organization Source: NASA Kennedy Space Center; Cocoa Beach, FL, United States
Description: 14p; In English
Distribution Limits: Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited
Rights: Copyright; Public use permitted
NASA Terms: PHYSIOLOGY; ORGANISMS; CELLS (BIOLOGY); MICROGRAVITY; MORPHOLOGY; CELL CULTURING; MOLECULAR BIOLOGY; SIMULATION; CLINOSTATS; IMAGE ANALYSIS; FIBROBLASTS; STAINING; SLIDES (MICROSCOPY); MANNED SPACE FLIGHT
Other Descriptors: BIOLOGY; CELL BIOLOGY; MICROGRAVIT
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Last Modified: December 19, 2017
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