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The Impacts of Dry Dynamic Cores on Asymmetric Hurricane IntensificationThe fundamental pathways for tropical cyclone (TC) intensification are explored by considering axisymmetric and asymmetric impulsive thermal perturbations to balanced, TC-like vortices using the dynamic cores of three different nonlinear numerical models. Attempts at reproducing the results of previous work, which used the community WRF Model, revealed a discrepancy with the impacts of purely asymmetric thermal forcing. The current study finds that thermal asymmetries can have an important, largely positive role on the vortex intensification, whereas other studies find that asymmetric impacts are negligible. Analysis of the spectral energetics of each numerical model indicates that the vortex response to asymmetric thermal perturbations is significantly damped in WRF relative to the other models. Spectral kinetic energy budgets show that this anomalous damping is primarily due to the increased removal of kinetic energy from the vertical divergence of the vertical pressure flux, which is related to the flux of inertia-gravity wave energy. The increased kinetic energy in the other two models is shown to originate around the scales of the heating and propagate upscale with time from nonlinear effects. For very large thermal amplitudes (50 K), the anomalous removal of kinetic energy due to inertia-gravity wave activity is much smaller, resulting in good agreement between models. The results of this paper indicate that the numerical treatment of small-scale processes that project strongly onto inertia-gravity wave energy can lead to significant differences in asymmetric TC intensification. Sensitivity tests with different time integration schemes suggest that diffusion entering into the implicit solution procedure is partly responsible for the anomalous damping of energy.
Document ID
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Guimond, Stephen R. (Maryland Univ. College Park, MD, United States)
Reisner, Jon M. (Los Alamos National Lab. NM, United States)
Marras, Simone (Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, CA, United States)
Giraldo, Francis X. (Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
January 17, 2018
Publication Date
November 9, 2016
Publication Information
Publication: Journal of Atmospheric Sciences
Volume: 73
Issue: 12
ISSN: 0022-4928
Subject Category
Meteorology and Climatology
Report/Patent Number
Funding Number(s)
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