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A Library of ATMO Forward Model Transmission Spectra for Hot Jupiter ExoplanetsWe present a grid of forward model transmission spectra, adopting an isothermal temperature-pressure profile, alongside corresponding equilibrium chemical abundances for 117 observationally significant hot exoplanets (equilibrium temperatures of 547-2710 K). This model grid has been developed using a 1D radiative-convective-chemical equilibrium model termed ATMO, with up-to-date high-temperature opacities. We present an interpretation of observations of 10 exoplanets, including best-fitting parameters and X(exp 2) maps. In agreement with previous works, we find a continuum from clear to hazy/cloudy atmospheres for this sample of hot Jupiters. The data for all the 10 planets are consistent with subsolar to solar C/O ratio, 0.005 to 10 times solar metallicity and water rather than methane-dominated infrared spectra. We then explore the range of simulated atmospheric spectra for different exoplanets, based on characteristics such as temperature, metallicity, C/O ratio, haziness and cloudiness. We find a transition value for the metallicity between 10 and 50 times solar, which leads to substantial changes in the transmission spectra. We also find a transition value of C/O ratio, from water to carbon species dominated infrared spectra, as found by previous works, revealing a temperature dependence of this transition point ranging from approximately 0.56 to approximately 1-1.3 for equilibrium temperatures from approximately 900 to approximately 2600 K. We highlight the potential of the spectral features of HCN and C2H2 to constrain the metallicities and C/O ratios of planets, using James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) observations. Finally, our entire grid (approximately 460 000 simulations) is publicly available and can be used directly with the JWST simulator PandExo for planning observations.
Document ID
20180002633
Document Type
Reprint (Version printed in journal)
External Source(s)
Authors
Goyal, Jayesh M. (Exeter Univ. United Kingdom)
Mayne, Nathan (Exeter Univ. United Kingdom)
Sing, David K. (Exeter Univ. United Kingdom)
Drummond, Benjamin (Exeter Univ. United Kingdom)
Tremblin, Pascal (Saclay Research Centre Gif-sur-Yvette, France)
Amundsen, David S. (Columbia Univ. New York, NY, United States)
Evans, Thomas (Exeter Univ. United Kingdom)
Carter, Aarynn L. (Exeter Univ. United Kingdom)
Spake, Jessica (Exeter Univ. United Kingdom)
Baraffe, Isabelle (Exeter Univ. United Kingdom)
Nikolov, Nikolay (Exeter Univ. United Kingdom)
Manners, James (Exeter Univ. United Kingdom)
Chabrier, Gilles (Exeter Univ. United Kingdom)
Hebrard, Eric (Exeter Univ. United Kingdom)
Date Acquired
April 30, 2018
Publication Date
November 23, 2017
Publication Information
Publication: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume: 474
Issue: 4
ISSN: 0035-8711
Subject Category
Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
Computer Programming and Software
Report/Patent Number
GSFC-E-DAA-TN51384
Funding Number(s)
CONTRACT_GRANT: ERC 336792
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Other
Keywords
techniques: spectroscopic – planets and satellites: atmospheres – planets an