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Exploration of Backscatter Methods for Wireless AvionicsThis report describes and characterizes the low-power Jeeva Passive Radio systems, including Wanscatter (passive Chirp Spread Spectrum) and Passive Wi-Fi, with respect to their applicability to wireless avionics. The Wireless Avionics Intra-Communications (WAIC) objectives document, ITU-R M.2197, describes a number of applications of wireless avionics, and lists requirements specifications for each. Additionally, it describes models for compartments and areas of aircraft or vehicles in which wireless avionics would be applied. This exploratory study attempts to map Jeeva's Passive Radio technology to those scenarios outlined in the ITU-R M.2197 operational objectives document, and determine the areas and applications for which it is most suitable. Jeeva Passive Radio operates differently than conventional radios. In a conventional radio, a sensor-connected radio node must actively emit a signal in order to communicate. In a Jeeva Passive Radio system, that node instead simply reflects radio frequency energy which is emitted by another nearby device (called the Companion), which can be "plugged in" or otherwise has access to more power. Using reflections, a data packet can be generated and interpreted by a standard receiver. This method of communication inherently uses less energy, resulting in the potential for far lower power consumption and thus far longer battery life. Overall, 68.4% of use cases described by the ITU-R M.2197 operational objectives document were found to be addressable by Jeeva's Passive Radio systems (26 addressable of 38 total), with 26 of those best addressable by Wanscatter and three found to be best addressable with passive Wi-Fi. See Section 4.2 for a detailed breakdown of application suitability. The most fitting types of applications were in the LI (Low-rate Indoors) and LO (Low-rate Outdoors) categories, where lower rates were acceptable and thus Wanscatter could be applied and its much better uplink sensitivity leveraged. Jeeva has identified the Wanscatter (Chirp Spread Spectrum) system as likely holding the most promise for applications such as those outlined in the ITU-R M.2197 operational objectives document. We recommend that Wanscatter be a technology considered for adoption in wireless avionics.
Document ID
20180004760
Document Type
Contractor Report (CR)
Authors
Parks, Aaron
(Jeeva Wireless Seattle, WA, United States)
Talla, Vamsi
(Jeeva Wireless Seattle, WA, United States)
Kellogg, Bryce
(Jeeva Wireless Seattle, WA, United States)
Smith, Joshua
(Jeeva Wireless Seattle, WA, United States)
Gollakota, Shyam
(Jeeva Wireless Seattle, WA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 28, 2018
Publication Date
June 1, 2018
Subject Category
Aircraft Communications And Navigation
Report/Patent Number
NASA/CR-2018-219903
AFRC-E-DAA-TN55628
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Public Use Permitted.
Keywords
Backscatter

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