NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

As of October 27, 2023, NASA STI Services will no longer have an embargo for accepted manuscripts. For more information visit NTRS News.

Back to Results
Estimated Viscosities and Thermal Conductivities of Gases at High TemperaturesViscosities and thermal conductivities, suitable for heat-transfer calculations, were estimated for about 200 gases in the ground state from 100 to 5000 K and 1-atmosphere pressure. Free radicals were included, but excited states and ions were not. Calculations for the transport coefficients were based upon the Lennard-Jones (12-6) potential for all gases. This potential was selected because: (1) It is one of the most realistic models available and (2) intermolecular force constants can be estimated from physical properties or by other techniques when experimental data are not available; such methods for estimating force constants are not as readily available for other potentials. When experimental viscosity data were available, they were used to obtain the force constants; otherwise the constants were estimated. These constants were then used to calculate both the viscosities and thermal conductivities tabulated in this report. For thermal conductivities of polyatomic gases an Eucken-type correction was made to correct for exchange between internal and translational energies. Though this correction may be rather poor at low temperatures, it becomes more satisfactory with increasing temperature. It was not possible to obtain force constants from experimental thermal conductivity data except for the inert atoms, because most conductivity data are available at low temperatures only (200 to 400 K), the temperature range where the Eucken correction is probably most in error. However, if the same set of force constants is used for both viscosity and thermal conductivity, there is a large degree of cancellation of error when these properties are used in heat-transfer equations such as the Dittus-Boelter equation. It is therefore concluded that the properties tabulated in this report are suitable for heat-transfer calculations of gaseous systems.
Document ID
Document Type
Other - NASA Technical Report (TR)
Svehla, Roger A.
(NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH, United States)
Date Acquired
August 1, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1962
Subject Category
Fluid Mechanics And Thermodynamics
Report/Patent Number
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
No Preview Available