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NASA’s Human Landing System: The Strategy for the 2024 Mission and Future SustainabilityIn response to the 2018 White House Space Policy Directive- sustainable lunar exploration, and to the Vice President’s March 2019 direction to do so by 2024, NASA is working to establish humanity's presence on and around the Moon by: 1) sending payloads to its surface, 2) assembling the Gateway outpost in orbit and 3) demonstrating the first human lunar landings since 1972. NASA’s Artemis program is implementing a multi-faceted and coordinated agency-wide approach with a focus on the lunar South Pole. The Artemis missions will demonstrate new technologies, capabilities and business approaches needed for future exploration, including Mars. Assessing options to accelerate development of required systems, NASA is utilizing public-private engagements through the Human Exploration and Operations (HEO) Mission Directorate’s NextSTEP Broad Agency Announcements. The design, development and demonstration of the Human Landing System (HLS) is expected to be led by commercial partners. Utilizing efforts across mission directorates, the Artemis effort will benefit from programs from the Science Mission Directorate (SMD) and Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD). SMD’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) initiative will procure commercial robotic lunar delivery services and the development of science instruments and technology demonstration payloads. The Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) portfolio of technology advancements relative to HLS include lunar lander components and technologies for pointing, navigation and tracking, fuel storage and transfer, autonomy and mobility, communications, propulsion and power. In addition to describing the objectives and requirements of the 2024 Artemis mission, this paper will present NASA’s approach to accessing the lunar surface with an affordable human-rated landing system, current status and the role o a sustainable lunar presence.

Document ID
Acquisition Source
Marshall Space Flight Center
Document Type
Conference Paper
Chavers, Greg
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Watson-Morgan, Lisa
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Smith, Marshall
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Suzuki, Nantel
(NASA Headquarters Washington, DC, United States)
Polsgrove, Tara
(NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL, United States)
Date Acquired
March 13, 2020
Publication Date
March 7, 2020
Subject Category
Launch Vehicles And Launch Operations
Report/Patent Number
Meeting Information
Meeting: IEEE Aerospace Conference
Location: Big Sky, MT
Country: United States
Start Date: March 7, 2020
End Date: March 14, 2020
Sponsors: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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