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Microscopic observations of X-ray and gamma-ray induced decomposition of ammonium perchlorate crystalsThe X-ray and gamma-ray induced decomposition of ammonium perchlorate was studied by optical, transmission, and scanning electron microscopy. This material is a commonly used oxidizer in solid propellents which could be employed in deep-space probes, and where they will be subjected to a variety of radiations for as long as ten years. In some respects the radiation-induced damage closely resembles the effects produced by thermal decomposition, but in other respects the results differ markedly. Similar radiation and thermal effects include the following: (1) irregular or ill-defined circular etch pits are formed in both cases; (2) approximately the same size pits are produced; (3) the pit density is similar; (4) the c face is considerably more reactive than the m face; and (5) most importantly, many of the etch pits are aligned in crystallographic directions which are the same for thermal or radiolytic decomposition. Thus, dislocations play an important role in the radiolytic decomposition process.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Herley, P. J. (Picatinny Arsenal Upton, NY, United States)
Levy, P. W. (Brookhaven National Lab.)
Date Acquired
August 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1972
Publication Information
Publication: NASA, Washington Proc. of the Natl. Symp. on Nat. and Manmade Radiation in Space
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19720009951Analytic PrimaryProceedings of the National Symposium on Natural and Manmade Radiation in Space