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Frequency of light-flashes induced by Cerenkov radiation from heavy cosmic-ray nucleiThe expected frequency was calculated for light flashes induced in the dark-adapted eye by Cerenkov radiation from the flux of heavy nuclei that exists in space beyond the geomagnetic field. The expected frequency of light flashes depends on the threshold number of photons that must be absorbed in a rod cluster. The results of the calculation are presented as a curve of the mean frequency of light flashes versus the threshold number of absorbed photons. The results are not sensitive to variations in the path length from 5 to 15 grams per square centimeter of water-equivalent before the nucleus reaches the retina. Calculations were based on the fluxes and energy spectra of galactic cosmic ray nuclei of helium to iron, measured at a time of minimum solar modulation. The expected light flash frequencies induced by Cerenkov radiation are consistent with the frequencies reported by the astronauts on Apollo missions 11 through 14.
Document ID
19720010053
Document Type
Conference Paper
Authors
Madey, R. (Clarkson Coll. of Technology Potsdam, NY, United States)
Mcnulty, P. J. (Clarkson Coll. of Technology Potsdam, NY, United States)
Date Acquired
August 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1972
Publication Information
Publication: NASA, Washington Proc. of the Natl. Symp. on Nat. and Manmade Radiation in Space
Subject Category
SPACE RADIATION
Distribution Limits
Public
Copyright
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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IDRelationTitle19720009951Analytic PrimaryProceedings of the National Symposium on Natural and Manmade Radiation in Space