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Dark Halo Craters and the Thickness of Grooved Terrain on GanymedeDark halo craters on grooved terrain on Ganymede represent potential probes of the subsurface geology. These craters are surrounded by a broad, diffuse low albedo annulus, or halo and have apparently lost the bright rim and ray deposits associated with very young craters. The recognition of dark halo craters, almost all greater than 12 km in diameter, indicates that material darker and redder than grooved terrain material forms a stratigraphy horizon at about 1 km depth the present surface of grooved terrain in Uruk Sulcus. This material is most likely downdropped cratered terrain material, which only larger craters have excavated into. This is most consistent with extensional tectonic models for grooved terrain formation whereby the lithosphere is stretched and blocks of ancient cratered terrain are downdropped along bounding faults, and subsequently resurfaced by a shallow layer of relatively clean icy material. Evidence for the preservation of cratered terrain material at shallow depth beneath grooved terrain material poses great difficulties for alternative grooved and smoothed terrain formation mechanisms.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Schenk, P. M.
(Washington Univ. Saint Louis, MO, United States)
Mckinnon, W. B.
(Washington Univ. Saint Louis, MO, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
April 1, 1985
Publication Information
Publication: NASA, Washington Repts. of Planetary Geol. and Geophys. Program, 1984
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Exploration
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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