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Implications of Convection in the Moon and the Terrestrial PlanetsThe early evolution of the Moon and its implications for the early evolution of the Earth was studied. The study is divided into two parts: (1) studies of core formation. Cosmochemical studies strongly favor a near-homogeneous accretion of the Earth. It is shown that core segregation probably occurred within the first 10,000 years of Earth history. It is found that dissipative heating may be a viable mechanism for core segregation if sufficiently large bodies of liquid iron can form; (2) early thermal evolution of the Earth and Moon. The energy associated with the accretion of the Earth and the segregation of the core is more than sufficient to melt the entire Earth. The increase in the mantle liquidus with depth (pressure) is the dominant effect influencing heat transfer through the magma ocean. It is found that a magma ocean with a depth of 100 km would have existed as the Earth accreted. It is concluded that this magma ocean zone refined the earth resulting in the simultaneous formation of the core and the atmosphere during accretion. The resulting mantle was a well-mixed solid with a near pyrolite composition.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Turcotte, D. L.
(Cornell Univ. Ithaca, NY, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
April 1, 1985
Publication Information
Publication: NASA, Washington Repts. of Planetary Geol. and Geophys. Program, 1984
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Exploration
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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