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Crystal Chemistry of Meteoritic HibonitesThe characteristics of cation vacancies and site occupancies of natural hibonites in meteors are discussed. Note is taken of the effect of the specific locations of the hibonites in the matrices on the crystal chemistry, electronic stabilities, and spectral features of the metal ions which replace the Al(3+). Hibonites form beta-alumina hexagonal cells with 26 cation sites. Fe cations are found in octahedral, tetrahedral, and five-fold coordinates. Fe(2+) is found in face-shared Al(3) octahedra, a siting explained in terms of ionic radius and crystal field stabilization energy criteria. Spectral colors are attributed to V(3+) and Ti(3+) field transitions at 400 and 700 nm, respectively, although the 700 nm line may arise from transitions of Ti(3+) to Ti(4+) or Fe(2+) to Fe(3+) during heating. Excesses of Mg-26 can be traced to decay of nebular Al-26.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Burns, R. G.
(Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA, United States)
Burns, V. M.
(Massachusetts Inst. of Tech. Cambridge, MA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
April 1, 1985
Publication Information
Publication: NASA, Washington Repts. of Planetary Geol. and Geophys. Program
Subject Category
Solid-State Physics
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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