NTRS - NASA Technical Reports Server

Back to Results
Magmas as Selective Filters of Volatiles Between Planetary Mantles and SurfacesThe composition of early planetary atmospheres and biospheres which is a knowledge of the relationship between mantle volatiles and volcanic gases was analyzed. In the case of Earth it appears that volcanic rocks and gases are relatively oxidized compared to the upper mantle. In the case of the C-O-H volatiles, (H2O, CO2, CO, CH4, H2) the volcanic gases are enriched in H2O and CO2 while the volatiles in the mantle may be dominated by H2O, H2 and possibly CH4. An experimental technique was perfected for phase equilibrium studies in the 5-30 kbar range which allows accurate control of volatile species activities in the fluid phase. The system was used to measure the relative solubilities of H2O, CO2, CO, CH4 and H2 in magmas at 10 kbar pressure. It is found that mantle magmas will selectively screen volatiles from planetary surfaces, forcing volcanic gases towards the neutral QFM oxidation state where H2O is the dominant species.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Holloway, J. R.
(Arizona State Univ. Tempe, AZ, United States)
Jakobsson, S.
(Arizona State Univ. Tempe, AZ, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
April 1, 1985
Publication Information
Publication: NASA, Washington Repts. of Planetary Geol. and Geophys. Program
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Exploration
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
Document Inquiry

Available Downloads

There are no available downloads for this record.
No Preview Available