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Experiments and Analyses of the Formation of Erosional Scour Marks with Implications to the Origin of the Martian Outflow ChannelsThe objectives of the present study of erosional scour marks on Mars involve flume experiments to examine the details of scour patterns around a variety of obstacle shapes, and to review the engineering literature on the scour around bridge piers to determine whether those results might provide a quantitative evaluation of the flows which formed the scour marks in the outflow channels. The flume experiments completed to date examined the scour which develops around a circular island and around a streamlined island (having a lemniscate shape with length/width = 3.0). The islands themselves are non-erodable solids, but are surrounded by a fine-grained sediment bed. The scour patterns which occur around the circular island agree with those produced by prototype bridge piers and by scale-model piers employed in the engineering studies. The scour patterns around the model streamlined islands correspond extremely well with those seen adjacent to the streamlined islands on Mars, providing still more confirmation for a water-flow origin.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Komar, P. D.
(Oregon State Univ. Corvallis, OR, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
April 1, 1985
Publication Information
Publication: NASA, Washington Repts. of Planetary Geol. and Geophys. Program
Subject Category
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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