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Basalts of Mars: Constraints on Volatile EvolutionThe mineralogy of relatively unweathered rocks on Mars place important constraints on models of planetary oxidation state, volcanism and associated outgassing, accretion and associated volatile inventory, and geochemical changes over time. Reflectance spectra (300 to 2500 nm) provide direct mineralogic information about the surface materials. Spectra measured using Earth-based telescopes were analyzed by a multiple high-order derivative spectroscopy technique. Nine areas, measured during the 1978 opposition, were analyzed by the technique. Each contained suites of well-defined absorption bands. These bands can be interpreted in terms of constituent mineralogy by the technique of Adams. Among the features extracted from the spectra were bands attributed to iron oxides. Other bands can be attributed to silicates within chemically unweathered rocks/fines. Absorption features suggest the presence of Mg-olivine and plagioclase feldspar.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Huguenin, R. L.
(Massachusetts Univ. Amherst, MA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
April 1, 1985
Publication Information
Publication: NASA, Washington Repts. of Planetary Geol. and Geophys. Program, 1984
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Exploration
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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