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Fault Offsets and Lateral Crustal Movement on EuropaStructural evidence is presented for tension cracking associated with strike slip faulting and crustal movement in the bright ice covered Galilean satellite Europa. The structure and morphology of wedge shaped bands argues that they formed as a result of the rotation and lateral displacement of crustal units bounded by near vertical faults penetrating through the brittle crustal layer. The significant rotation and lateral motion of crustal blocks near the anti-jove point on Europa, without graben formation, also argues that the lithosphere in the fractured area is mechanically decoupled from the solid silicate interior, by either warm ice at depth or liquid water. Ice at depth and at a large fraction of its melting temperature is expected to behave as a fluid over geologically short time intervals due to its extremely low viscosity relative to the cold, brittle ice near the surface. One proposed convection mechanism is thus considered unlikely as it would be difficult to transmit internal stress through a decoupling layer to the surface.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Schenk, P. M.
(McDonnell Aircraft Co. Saint Louis, MO, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
April 1, 1985
Publication Information
Publication: NASA, Washington Repts. of Planetary Geol. and Geophys. Program, 1984
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Exploration
Accession Number
Funding Number(s)
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.
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