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Whirl/whip demonstrationFluid flow in bearings and seals, set in motion by shaft rotation, generates dynamic forces which may result in a well recognized instability known as whirl and whip. These are lateral, forward precessional, self excited, subsynchronous vibrations in which the amplitude may vary from very small to nearly the limit of the bearing or seal clearances. Oil whirl in lubricated bearings, in particular, typically occurs at somewhat less than half rotative speed. As the rotative speed increases, the frequency relationship remains constant until the whirl frequency approaches the first balance resonance. Now the whirl is smoothly replaced by whip at a nearly constant frequency asymptotically approaching first balance resonance, independent of increasing rotative speed. Changes in bearing/seal radial loading can permit, prevent, or eliminate this instability. The oil whirl/whip rig demonstrates the effects of fluid dynamic forces generated by the rotating shaft. At low rotative speeds, this produces changes of the journal static equilibrium position within the bearing. The demonstrator shows the relationship between any load direction and the average journal equilibrium position. At higher rotative speeds, the instability threshold is observed as a function of unidirectional radial load, unbalance, and rotor configuration.
Document ID
Document Type
Conference Paper
Grissom, R. (Bently Nevada Corp. Minden, NV, United States)
Date Acquired
August 12, 2013
Publication Date
December 1, 1985
Publication Information
Publication: NASA. Lewis Research Center Instability in Rotating Machinery
Subject Category
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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NameType 19860020723.pdf STI

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IDRelationTitle19860020688Analytic PrimaryInstability in Rotating Machinery