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Impact damage tolerance of thin wall composite strutsAn experimental investigation was made to study the impact damage tolerance of thin wall composite struts made of both brittle epoxy and toughened epoxy based composite materials. Damage parameters such as barely visible surface damage and internal damage represented by the ultrasonic C-scan, and residual compressive strengths were evaluated against impact energy for two impactor sizes. From both a damage resistance (internal damage vs. impact energy) and a damage tolerance (residual compressive strength vs. internal damage) point of view, the toughened IM7/977-2 struts exhibited better performance than the brittle epoxy based T50/934 struts. This is attributed to the toughening mechanism in 977-2 which impedes delamination initiation from impact, and delamination growth and subsequent buckling under a compression loading. At barely visible damage thresholds, regardless of the impactor sizes, a maximum strength reduction of 45-55 percent was observed for the T50/934 struts, and approximately 10 percent for IM7/977-2 struts. This is of great interest for developing a damage tolerance design approach and risk assessment methodology in which the design allowable would be defined by the residual strength at the threshold of barely visible damage.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Chen, G.-S.
(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Bidinger, G. M.
(Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Lou, M. C.
(JPL Pasadena, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: In: AIAA(ASME)ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, 34th and AIAA/ASME Adaptive Structures Forum, La Jolla, CA, Apr. 19-22, 1993, Technical Papers. Pt. 2 (A93-33876 1
Publisher: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Subject Category
Structural Mechanics
Report/Patent Number
AIAA PAPER 93-1398
Accession Number
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