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Finite element study of plate buckling induced by spatial temperature gradientsFinite element analyses of thermal buckling of thin metallic plates with prescribed spatial temperature distributions are described. Thermally induced compressive membrane stresses and transverse plate displacement imperfections initiate plates buckling. A finite element formulation based on von Karman plate theory is presented. The resulting nonlinear equations are solved for incremental temperature increases by Newton-Raphson iteration. The computational method is used to investigate the buckling response of rectangular plates with steady and unsteady spatially varying temperature distributions. The role of initial plate imperfections and temperature distributions on the nonlinear response of plate displacements and stresses is described. The relatively high levels of stress induced by spatial temperature gradients should be considered carefully in the postbuckling design of panels for aerospace vehicles subjected to combined mechanical and thermal loads.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Thornton, Earl A.
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Kolenski, James D.
(NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA, United States)
Marino, Robert P.
(Virginia Univ. Charlottesville, United States)
Date Acquired
August 16, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: In: AIAA(ASME)ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, 34th and AIAA/ASME Adaptive Structures Forum, La Jolla, CA, Apr. 19-22, 1993, Technical Papers. Pt. 4 (A93-33876 1
Publisher: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Subject Category
Structural Mechanics
Report/Patent Number
AIAA PAPER 93-1572
Accession Number
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