The role of specular reflectance in surface anisotropyFor smooth surfaces, specular reflection constitutes a major source of anisotropy in the surface bidirectional reflectance and introduces a strong illumination angle dependence in diurnal albedo. A prior formulation has been employed by the authors to account for the surface anisotropy of other natural surfaces. It is shown that this formulation is appropriate to successfully explain the specular characteristics of other rough surfaces as well as that of the ocean. The angular dependence of the diffuse component of the reflected radiance is explained using the Ahmad-Deering formulation, which is based on Chandrasekhar's radiative transfer solution. Results for a smooth silt-playa lake bed in a volcanic region of Nevada are presented. It is shown that this formulation is capable of explaining the specular features measured in the field and can be effectively used in any surface bidirectional reflectance model.
Ahmad, Suraiya P. (Hughes STX Corp. Lanham, MD, United States)
Deering, Donald W. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
August 16, 2013
January 1, 1992
Publication: In: IGARSS '92; Proceedings of the 12th Annual International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Houston, TX, May 26-29, 1992. Vol. 1 (A93-47551 20-43)
EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
IDRelationTitle19930063554Analytic PrimaryIGARSS '92; Proceedings of the 12th Annual International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Houston, TX, May 26-29, 1992. Vols. 1 & 2visibility_off