Simulation of space measurements of vegetation canopy bidirectional reflectance factorsA vegetation canopy receives both monodirectional and scattered radiation which is then reflected back into the atmosphere according to its bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF). Remote measurements are typically the angular and spectral distributions of radiations exiting the atmosphere. The evaluation of vegetation canopy bidirectional reflectance factors requires a numerical solution of the canopy radiative transfer equation. A horizontally homogeneous vegetation canopy, of finite physical depth, filled densely with small leaves and bounded by a flat Lambertian ground surface is considered. The canopy is illuminated spatially uniformly by monodirectional radiation. The scattered intensity distribution emerging at the top of the canopy in all directions in the upper hemisphere is evaluated. The magnitude, sign and angular distribution of atmospheric effects are wavelength specific and depend on the composition of the atmosphere. The net atmospheric effect is positive (negative) at the red (near-infrared) wavelength due to strong scattering (absorption) in the atmosphere. The angular distribution of these effects is bowl-shaped. Thus, off-nadir remote observations, especially at shorter wavelengths, are most affected by atmospheric perturbations.
Myneni, R. B. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, MD, United States)
Asrar, G. (NASA Headquarters Washington, DC United States)
August 16, 2013
January 1, 1992
Publication: In: IGARSS '92; Proceedings of the 12th Annual International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Houston, TX, May 26-29, 1992. Vol. 1 (A93-47551 20-43)
EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
IDRelationTitle19930063554Analytic PrimaryIGARSS '92; Proceedings of the 12th Annual International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Houston, TX, May 26-29, 1992. Vols. 1 & 2visibility_off