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Thermal studies of Martian channels and valleys using Termoskan dataThe Termoskan instrument on board the Phobos '88 spacecraft acquired the highest spatial resolution thermal data ever obtained for Mars. Included in the thermal images are 2 km per pixel observations of 4 major channel and valley systems: Shalbatana Vallis; Simud Vallis, Hydraotes Chaos, and the associated outflow channel connecting it with the eastern end of Vallis Marineris; Al-Qahira Vallis; and Ma'adim Vallis. Simultaneous broad band visible channel data were obtained for all but Ma'adim Vallis. We find that all 4 valley systems have higher inertias than their surroundings, consistent with previous thermal studies of Martian channels. We conclude that the higher inertia is likely due to some intrinsic difference associated with the channel floors, rather than due only to dark aeolian deposits as suggested by some previous studies. Our conclusion is based largely upon the localized nature of the dark deposits in contrast with the thermal homogeneity of the channel floors. Thus, these channels and valleys show an uncommon (for Mars) connection between morphology and inertia.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Betts, B. H.
(California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Murray, B. C.
(California Inst. of Tech. Pasadena, CA, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Exploration
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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