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Th-230 - U-238 series disequilibrium of the Olkaria rhyolites Gregory Rift Valley, Kenya: PetrogenesisPositive correlations of (U-238/Th-230) versus Th show the rhyolites to be products of partial melting. Positive correlations of U and Cl and U and F show that the U enrichment in the rhyolites is associated with the halogen contents which may be related to the minor phenocryst phase fractionation. Instantaneous Th/U ratios exceed time integrated Th/U ratios providing further evidence of the hydrous nature of the Olkaria rhyolite source. Excess (U-238/Th-230) in the subduction related rocks has been associated to the preferential incorporation of uranium in slab derived fluids, but no evaluation of the size of this flux has been made. The majority of the Naivasha samples show a (U-238/Th-230) less than 1 and plot close to the subduction related samples indicating the Naivasha rhyolites may also have been influenced by fluids during their formation. In general samples with high (U-238/Th-230) ratios reflecting recent enrichment of uranium relative to thorium have high thorium contents, thereby the high (U-238/Th-230) ratios are restricted to the most incompatible element enriched magmas and, hence, are a good indication that the rhyolites were formed by partial melting. If a fluid phase had some influence on the formation of the rhyolites then the uranium and thorium may have some correlation with F and Cl contents which can be mirrored by the peralkalinity. Plots of uranium against F and Cl contents are shown. The positive correlation indicates that the uranium enrichments are associated with the halogen contents. There seems to be a greater correlation for U against Cl than F indicating that the U may be transported preferentially as Cl complexes.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Black, S.
(Lancaster Univ.)
Macdonald, R.
(Lancaster Univ.)
Kelly, M.
(Lancaster Univ.)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F
Subject Category
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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