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Galileo EM-2 contributions to the lunar control networkA local control network is being developed using Galileo images that cover the region north of the Apollo area and lie between 10 and 100 degrees east longitude. This network is tied to the Apollo control network and will have a positional accuracy of approximately 500-1500 m. This region has been photographed by Earth-based telescopes and the Mariner 10 and Lunar Orbiter spacecraft, but the Gallileo images are preferred for control because of their superior viewing angles, resolution, and Galileo's geometrically stable sensor. Based on Davies et al., 1987, the potential accuracy of the near-side Apollo network is estimated to be between 50 and 300 m. The laser ranging retroreflector locations at the Apollo 11, 14, and 15 sites and the Lunikhod 2 site have been determined with an accuracy of about 10 m. The locations of the ALSEP transmitters relative to the retroreflectors have also been measured. These known coordinates are used to estimate errors in the Apollo network. The telescopic control is approximately bounded by 75 degrees north and south latitude and 75 degrees east and west longitudes. The accuracy of the telescopic network is thought to be about one to two km. Thus, the Galileo network might improve coordinates in the telescopic area as well as north and east of it.
Document ID
Acquisition Source
Legacy CDMS
Document Type
Conference Paper
Davies, M. E.
(Arizona State Univ. Tempe, AZ, United States)
Colvin, T. R.
(RAND Corp. Santa Monica, CA., United States)
Belton, M. J. S.
(Kitt Peak National Observatory Tucson, AZ., United States)
Greeley, R.
(Arizona State Univ. Tempe, AZ, United States)
Date Acquired
September 6, 2013
Publication Date
January 1, 1993
Publication Information
Publication: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 1: A-F
Subject Category
Lunar And Planetary Exploration
Accession Number
Distribution Limits
Work of the US Gov. Public Use Permitted.

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